Case 16 - Consequences of EU Water Policy (Water Framework Directive) for the Delivery of Ecosystem Services: A case-study of Loch Leven, Scotland
|Please read the OpenNESS case study booklet 'Ecosystem services in operation' for the final outcomes of the cases. More detailed information about the cases and the tools and methods used can be found on Oppla: www.oppla.eu|
The EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) aims to deliver sustainable water management by achieving good ecological status. Introducing ecosystem services into EU water policy assumes a connection between good ecological status and the realisation of several benefits, such as water supply, fish production, tourism and recreation, in and around freshwaters. This case study will explore the relationships between the ecological status of Loch Leven and the delivery of a number of ecosystem services. In particular, it will examine whether the restoration or improvement of quality, driven by the WFD goal of achieving good ecological status, can lead to net socio-economic benefits.
The mains tasks will be to:
- Quantify the links between WFD ecological status and the provision of ecosystem services at the loch (angling, water supply, tourism and nature conservation).
- Assign value to the services provided by the loch and water-dependent downstream industries.
- Consider a number of management scenarios for achieving good ecological status and forecast future changes to ecosystem services based on their implementation in the WFD river basin management plan and taking into account future climate scenarios.
- Provide improved indicators and practical methodologies for including ecosystem services based assessments into WFD river basin management and local business operating plans.
The study will demonstrate whether WFD river basin management, which is aimed at achieving good ecological status, can also result in positive synergistic effects in relation to the provision of ecosystem services. The case-study will deliver practical recommendations to help protect ecological status and freshwater biodiversity, while maintaining ecosystem service provision at the catchment scale.
The case-study lead is Dr Laurence Carvalho from the Freshwater Ecology Group, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, UK. The group will work together with OpenNESS partners, particularly the Kinross Estates Company who own and manage the loch, and the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre. Other non-project stakeholders are involved as part of the Case-study Advisory Board.