Case 19 - Ecosystem Services in land sparing planning: Case of Doñana in South Western Spain
|Please read the OpenNESS case study booklet 'Ecosystem services in operation' for the final outcomes of the cases. More detailed information about the cases and the tools and methods used can be found on Oppla: www.oppla.eu|
The Doñana socio-ecological system (DSES) is a paradigmatic example of land sparing, where protected natural areas under strict conservation programs are embedded in a broader matrix of intensively managed land uses (mostly for food production). This polarized approach to territorial planning has often resulted in social conflicts between conservation authorities and resource users, with largely negative consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem services.
The aim of this case is to analyse the effects of this landscape planning scheme in ecosystem service performance, and to explore the ways in which ecosystem services can be explicitly incorporated in the management of the protected areas of Doñana and the surrounding landscape. The case study will therefore test the application of a socio-ecological systems approach to the management of protected areas. In order to identify opportunities for the implementation of the ecosystem services approach in decision-making processes in Doñana, OpenNESS researchers will work together with local stakeholders, including the Doñana protected area management team and other stakeholders related to landscape planning like farmers, grazers or tourism operators. The aim is also to analyse how beneficiaries of the ecosystem services delivered in the protected areas can contribute to their protection and sustainable use.
The case Study Leader Dr. Erik Gómez-Baggethun, and Ignacio Palomo from the University of Barcelona have worked for several years in the DSES applying the ecosystem service framework. The research team will set up a Case Study Advisory Board consisting of local stakeholders representing different interests that will guide the ecosystem service implementation process.