Case 26 - Opportunities for the operationalization of ecosystem services involving bioenergy production and mandatory native vegetation areas in interior São Paulo, Brazil
|Please read the OpenNESS case study booklet 'Ecosystem services in operation' for the final outcomes of the cases. More detailed information about the cases and the tools and methods used can be found on Oppla: www.oppla.eu|
Brazil is currently the biggest producer and user of ethanol originated from sugarcane fields, the majority of which are located in São Paulo state. According to Brazil’s Forest Code law, every rural property in this region must preserve 20% of its native vegetation area, as well as the forests alongside streams. A recently issued new version of this law predicts the payment for ecosystem services maintained by farmers. However there is no specification of mechanism through which this compensation would occur.
This study focuses on ways that ES could change the role of these mandatory native vegetation areas inside farms in a region in interior São Paulo. There is already some knowledge available about the biodiversity losses when these Atlantic Forest remnants are removed or reduced, but very little is known on the ES it provides to the neighbouring plantations.
The aim of this case is to identify the relevant ES that occur inside a sugarcane farm; locate potential for the improved use of selected ES, including investigation and proposition of mechanisms for operationalization (policy dimension); modelling of ES at the landscape level, a tool that can be applied in biofuel farms and in the state of Sao Paulo sugarcane belt; and identify socio-economic dimension and analysis in context of ES.
OpenNESS researchers will work considering the farmers point of view about these protected areas as well, for the debates with policy makers.
The case study leaders are Prof Dr David Montenegro Lapola from Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP-Brazil, Dr Patrícia Pinho from Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, INPE-Brazil and Dr Jöerg Priess, from Helmholtz, Centre for Environmental Reserarch, UFZ-Germany.