Case 04 - Integration of a Green Infrastructure Strategy into Urban Planning: The revision of the city's Master Plan, a case-study of Vitoria-Gasteiz Spain
|Please read the OpenNESS case study booklet 'Ecosystem services in operation' for the final outcomes of the cases. More detailed information about the cases and the tools and methods used can be found on Oppla: www.oppla.eu|
Vitoria-Gasteiz and its peripheral areas (actual surface area: 645 ha) now comprise a system of urban green spaces: five parks and a further two are planned. It contains Wetlands of International Importance by the Ramsar Agreement and four areas declared SCI areas; these are included within the Natura 2000 Network. There is still however a number of degraded areas around the city that still require a considerable amount of work in order to restore them to their natural state. Moreover, work is still underway on the system that will link these green spaces by means of a number of ecological corridors, strengthening the existing green belt. In the early 90´ Vitoria-Gasteiz started an ambitious project to restore and recover the outlying areas of the city, both from the environmental and social viewpoint, creating a Green Belt: a group of periurban parks of high ecological and landscape value strategically linked by means of eco-recreational corridors.
The mains tasks will be:
1. Quantification of the current and future potential provision of socio-ecosystem services of several green spaces in the city:
- Different types of urban green areas: urban park, hub, urban park in the periphery near the Green Belt, central urban park urban axis.
- In different intervention scenarios (related to management systems, plant selection, irrigation requirements , mowing ...).
2. Prioritization of the most relevant ES provided in each of the green spaces to be considered, depending on their type, location and management potential.
3. Identification of the appropriate objectives, actions and measures to improve urban management aligned to key urban challenges:
- Integrate landscape and social environmental regulation
- Mitigate climate change and improve adaptation
- Improve urban water management
- Promote biodiversity in city and urban surrounding areas
- Create environments that promote health and overall liveability of the city (improving air quality, acoustics, reduced heat island effect ...)
- Reduce consumption and improve energy efficiency (Local Energy Plan)
The study will demonstrate the benefits of incorporating a system of urban green spaces in the urban planning as a “urban green infrastructure” supplying goods and ecosystem services towards sustainable urban management.
The case-study lead is Efren Feliu from Tecnalia Research & Innovation, Spain, who will closely work with Blanca Marañon and Ane Itziar Velasco from the Environmental Studies Centre of Vitoria-Gasteiz in OpenNESS project.