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21-23 MARCH 2017

Final OpenNESS Annual Meeting in Smolenice, Slovakia


*The objects from ecosystems that people value through experience, use or consumption, whether that value is expressed in economic, social or personal terms. Note that the use of this term here goes well beyond a narrow definition of goods simply as physical items bought and sold in markets, and includes objects that have no market price (e.g. outdoor recreation). The term is synonymous with benefit (as proposed by the UK NEA), and not with service (as proposed by the MA).


UK NEA (2011)


See also synthesis paper 'Conceptual frameworks and cascade model'

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